Pricing for feathers, down, plush



With the change of the national feather policy, the purchase price of down has gone through four types: separate pricing of down and down, price according to category, price according to grade and price according to down. This method of valuation has played a role in various periods.

(one)Plush is priced separately

Plush is the most economically valuable part of feathers, and the separate pricing of plush can best reflect the principle of price based on quality, and it is also a preventive measure against adulteration and fraud.

After each batch of incoming goods is weighed, the sum of hair stalks, dust, and chicken feathers (called the three impurities) of the batch of feathers is inspected (the plush content), and the price is calculated according to the actual content of the plush. Three of the impurities are not valued. Specific steps are as follows.

(1) According to the items listed in the inspection list, subtract the percentage of pure cashmere from the folded number, which is the percentage content of wool flakes.

(2) Multiply the purchase unit price of pure cashmere by the percentage of pure cashmere, which is the total price of cashmere per unit weight.

(3) The total price per unit weight is calculated by multiplying the raw material percentage by the purchase unit price of pure raw material.

(4) The sum of the total price of velvet and the total price of raw flakes is the purchase price of feathers per unit weight.

For example, when purchasing a batch of 15 tons of feathers, it has been determined that the feathers contain 12% down, 48% pure wool, and the sum (fold) of down is 60%. Assuming that the price per kilogram of cashmere is 10 yuan, and the price of pure wool is 1 yuan, the price is calculated separately according to the woolen wool, that is:

Total price per unit of fleece: 10 yuan/kg x 12%=1.20 yuan/kg

Total price per unit: 1 yuan/kg x 48%=0.48 yuan/kg

The unit price of this batch of wool: 1.20 yuan + 0.48 yuan = 1.68 yuan/kg

The total price of this batch of plush: 1.68 yuan/kg x 15 x 1000kg=25,200 yuan.

In feather pricing, the duck down content and moisture in different-colored down, chicken and goose down are important factors affecting the quality of feathers. Therefore, when purchasing, the water content should be lower than 13%. Feathers that exceed the standard but have not yet caused qualitative changes can be purchased if they can be processed, but the price must be calculated after deducting the water weight of the part that exceeds the standard. The content of duck feathers in goose feathers and duck down in goose down should both be within 10%. If the content exceeds the standard, goose feathers will be priced as duck feathers and goose down will be priced as duck down.

Similarly, in the high down of white duck feathers, the content of different-colored wool should be within 0.5%, the content of different-colored down in the second standard wool should be less than 1.5%, and the content of chicken feathers should be less than 1.5%.

(two)Pricing by variety

According to the actual quality of local feathers throughout the year, a uniform average price is formulated. Different wool species purchased according to the unified price have different price ratios.

This variety ratio is formulated with reference to the long-term purchase price in the history of our country, and based on export demand and corresponding price factors, as well as the quality difference between varieties. The price difference is as follows:

Gray duck feathers are 100%, white duck feathers are 140%, gray goose feathers are 130%, white goose feathers are 160%, wild duck feathers are 90%, swan feathers are 160%, and goose feathers are 130%. Variety ratio difference is the criterion for calculating the purchase price of each variety.

For example, with the same discount and cashmere content, if the price of gray duck feather is 100 yuan, the price of white goose feather is 160 yuan.

This pricing method is the same price no matter the quality is good or bad, and it cannot implement the principle of "price for good goods, low price for inferior goods". It is only suitable for waste recycling stations and grass-roots purchase points with weak technical conditions. .

(three)Priced by grade

Due to the difference in poultry culture and breeding environment in various production areas, the quality of feathers produced varies greatly, and the number of feathers also varies.

In 1964, the national animal husbandry department formulated the "National Trial Standards for the Purchase of Feather Raw Materials" (Table 4-3). In addition to the difference between gray duck feathers, white duck feathers, and gray goose feathers, their quality specifications were also divided into grades. Virgin dry hair and secondary virgin dry hair. The grade ratio difference is: first-grade wool is 100%, and second-grade wool is 85%. Generally speaking, first-grade hair refers to winter and spring hair, and second-grade hair refers to summer and autumn hair.

This pricing method is rougher than separate pricing calculations for plush. In fact, the varieties of goose and duck feathers vary greatly, with more than two grades, and the quality of each grade still has certain differences. Therefore, it cannot truly embody the principle of price based on quality.

(Four)Priced according to cashmere

Example: A batch of gray duck feathers is 1000kg, the actual cashmere content is 10%, 90 yuan per kilogram of pure cashmere, that is, 1000×10%×90=the total value of this batch of gray duck feathers is 9000 yuan.

The above four pricing methods have been widely used in various places, but at present, the pure cashmere pricing method is mainly used in the bulk transaction of feathers.


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